Gjilan is located in the eastern part of Kosovo and is one of seven major municipalities of Kosovo.Gjilan as a township was formed around the year 1750, and as urban center - in 1772
Municipality of Gjilan includes a span of 515 km ² and consists of 63 settlements.
Gjilan currently estimated to have over 130 thousand inhabitants.
After Kosovo's capital, Gjilan city is the center of the second most important cultural heritage in Kosovo